Why Congress is looking into competition with China and funding for … – USA TODAY

WASHINGTON – Congress is wading into foreign affairs Tuesday, holding hearings on China’s role as a national security and economic threat, as well as examining how the Biden administration is spending money in Ukraine’s war with Russia, itself a major U.S. antagonist.
Following the one-year mark of the war in Ukraine, committee members on the Senate Armed Services Committee and the House Appropriations Committee will examine oversight of Ukraine military aid and hear from Defense Department officials. The hearing comes a day after the release of a report that the Pentagon contributed to the sudden collapse of the Afghan security forces in August 2021 partly due to poor planning and lack of accountability.
On China, the House Foreign Affairs Committee and House Committee on Science, Space and Technology will explore how China is becoming a growing national security threat and the increased competition with China on technological innovations. The hearings follow the shooting down of a Chinese spy balloon that flew over U.S. missile and nuclear weapons sites
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The House Select China Competition Committee is also holding a primetime hearing Tuesday evening on threats from the Chinese Community Party where committee members will hear from former President Donald Trump’s national security advisers. 
Here are the five hearings happening in Congress Tuesday focusing on China and Ukraine: 
The Senate Armed Services Committee is holding a hearing to receive testimony on the conflict in Ukraine. 
The hearing falls just one week after the one-year anniversary of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. President Biden traveled to Poland last week for the anniversary and announced new sanctions against Russia.
A congressional delegation also met with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy in Kyiv. 
The hearing’s witnesses include:
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The House Appropriations Subcommittee on Defense is also holding a hearing examining oversight of U.S. resources sent to Ukraine. 
The United States has approved more than $100 billion in U.S. weaponry and financial aid flowing to Ukraine in less than a year. The Joint Strategic Oversight Plan for Ukraine Response report noted challenges accounting for the billions spent.
Republicans have demanded more oversight, calling for more details on how much money has been sent to Ukraine and how it’s being used. 
The hearing’s witnesses include:
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The House Science, Space, and Technology Committee is holding a hearing on competition with China related to science and technology. The hearing will examine China’s efforts to compete with and surpass the United States in science and technology-related accomplishments.
Lawmakers, particularly Republicans, have been critical of China’s theft of intellectual property which analysts say costs U.S. companies hundreds of billions a year. Then-President Donald Trump in 2018 slapped $200 billion in tariffs on Chinese imports in response.
The Pentagon shot down a Chinese spy balloon earlier this month that carried devices to intercept sensitive communications. The balloon prompted Secretary of State Antony Blinken to cancel a trip to Beijing and outraged lawmakers who pressed the Biden administration for more information. 
U.S. officials have also warned that China is considering sending military aid to Russia, increasing the country’s role in the war with national security adviser Jake Sullivan telling CNN’s “State of the Union” that it would come “at real cost to China.”
The hearing’s witnesses include:
The House Foreign Affairs committee’s Tuesday hearing will examine ways to counter the Chinese Communist Party. 
With China a direct threat to U.S. national security and commitments in Asia, the hearing will look into the roles of several federal agencies including the State Department, the United States Agency for International Development, the U.S. International Development Finance Corporation on China and the Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security. 
The hearing’s witnesses include:
Two of former President Donald Trump’s advisers will provide testimony before the House select committee on the strategic competition between the United States and the Chinese Communist Party during a primetime hearing scheduled for 7 p.m. 
The hearing is the first from the specially created select panel. 
The hearing’s witnesses include:


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